CHEMICAL PATHOLOGY| Volume 55, ISSUE 4, P531-537, June 2023

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The Adrenal Vein Sampling Outcomes Study (AVOS): success rates following adrenalectomy for unilateral primary aldosteronism


      The objective was to determine the clinical and biochemical success rates and assess the nature of follow-up after adrenalectomy in patients with unilateral primary aldosteronism (PA), subtyped by adrenal vein sampling (AVS) in West Australia (WA) using the Primary Aldosteronism Surgical Outcome (PASO) criteria. Clinical and biochemical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated in patients with unilateral PA who underwent adrenalectomy according to AVS between September 2017 and September 2020. Pre- and post-surgical data were collected using a standardised questionnaire, review of clinic letters and examination of private and public pathology results and radiological reports. Follow-up data were available for 47 patients post-adrenalectomy; biochemical outcome data were available for 37 patients, clinical outcome data for 40 patients, with 30 patients having both outcomes available. Final assessment was performed between 0 to 3 months in 23/37 (62.2%) patients with biochemical outcomes, 15/40 (37.5%) with clinical outcomes, and 17/30 (56.7%) with both clinical and biochemical outcomes. Complete biochemical success was achieved in 83.8% (31/37) of patients, with 26.7% (8/30) obtaining both complete clinical and biochemical success. Complete clinical success was achieved in 35.0% (14/40) of patients, with 47.5% (19/40) obtaining partial clinical success. Overall, 93.6% (44/47) of patients derived benefit from adrenalectomy.
      The outcomes of adrenalectomy for unilateral PA in Western Australian using standardised PASO criteria demonstrate highly comparable clinical and biochemical success rates to international data. However, further standardisation of post-operative follow-up care needs to be implemented to ensure the recommended repeat follow-up assessment criteria are collected.

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